The most common types of hair-replacement systems are toupees and wigs (hairpieces or pieces). A toupee is a smaller piece of hair that covers only one bald area while a wig covers a greater area. Wigs and toupees can be made of human or animal (goat, horse) hair, or of synthetic materials, or a combination of synthetic and human hair materials. Most toupees and wigs are custom-made so as to closely match the wearer’s hair color, thickness, and texture. There are a few ways to attach these units to the wearer’s head: glue, clips, or woven into the existing hairs. Every hair system must be properly maintained on a typically bimonthly basis, and they should be replaced at regular intervals. For individuals with chemotherapy-induced hair loss or certain hair loss conditions such as alopecia totalis and severe scalp scarring, a wig is likely the best option for treatment.
Toppik® is one example of a keratin and protein fiber product that when applied to the hair makes it instantaneously appear thicker and fuller. This is an excellent option for thinning hair, and is simple and reliable to use. These products come in a variety of colors to match an individual’s existing hair.
Scalp pigmentation is a procedure of tattooing the scalp with micro dots that resemble the appearance of short, buzzed hair. It can be very effective not only in men who are completely bald who want to have a look of a shaved full head of hair, but also for women and men who want to reduce the visibility of the scalp. Pigmentation or tattooing is commonly used for restoring eyebrows and to help conceal scars. While color matched to the existing hair, the color can sometimes change over time, and in some cases because of fading, the pigmentation needs to be repeated every several years.